High Tibial Osteotomy (HTO)
A high tibial osteotomy is a surgical procedure that realigns the Knee joint. For many patients that have knee arthritis, this operation can delay or avoid the need for a total knee replacement by preserving damaged joint tissue. Patients who have osteoarthritis of the knee experience successive wearing on the menisci and articular cartilage, which may develop tears. The degeneration of these tissues limits the knee’s capacity to glide smoothly and can lead to popping, catching, locking, clicking and pain. But in some patients, a high tibial osteotomy can realign the knee to take tension from the damaged side by wedging open the top section of the tibia into re configure the knee joint. Weight-bearing is then changed away from the damaged or worn tissues and on the healthier tissue.
Because these Benefits usually vanish after 8 to ten decades, this type of osteotomy is generally regarded as a way to prolong the time before a knee replacement is necessary. This action is normally earmarked for younger patients using pain caused by uncertainty and malalignment. An osteotomy may possibly also be carried out together with additional joint preservation procedures in order to permit cartilage repair tissue to develop without being subjected to excessive pressure.
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